Duyck, J.F. Integrated Cotrol of Citrus Pests in the Mediterranean Region. The Bactrocera dorsalis H. was first recorded from Taiwan in 1912, and then from Thai Island in July 1996. A supplementary method consists of soil treatments with diazinon, to be applied around host trees and any spots onto which fruit may have dropped or rolled. This species was discovered by Drew and Hancock in 1994. 0000003910 00000 n b. Biological control: The parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF in Egypt. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 69: 71–76. 1993. Web sites: https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ, Uri Gerson Learn more about the change. 7 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. The molecular structure of the B. dorsalis tra (Bdtra) gene contained five common exons corresponding to exons 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, and 3, as in other Bactrocera species [8, 26, 28, 29].The common exons 1A and 1B of Bdtra were homologous to exon 1 of C. capitata tra (Cctra) [] and Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) tra (Aotra) [] genes. Bactrocera were found, B.dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards, (Stone house et al., 2002). Taxonomic placing: Insecta, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae. Hosts: polyphagous on a variety of fruits. 2005. . The peach fruit fl y, Bactrocera zonata, is an economically important pest. The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. During the warmer hours of the day they disperse and fly actively. This study focuses more on life history of B. carambolaethat are need to be determine before any management control takes place. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in … Sentinel’ lures for detecting invasions should be located at all points of entry into the grove, whereas in commercial orchards traps can be set at a rate of 1 trap/km. Sterlin, S. Quilici 61 0 obj <>stream 0000105527 00000 n Diptera: Tephritidae. The life cycle from eggs to male (146.95 ± 3.43 d) and female (164.94 ± 3.85 d) adults was significantly longer on papaya than those on banana and guava. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), pp. EPPO Bulletin 2010. H��W�r�F}�W�#�'�+y�yˉ/Y�[{q� � �h �������_��=�HP�S�n�$�6=ݧO���8Q�mS��Zxm�?s�=?����4���hu�z;��h&2�� i|��fBjk��0��Oo�X���B�?J(c�5Fx�H�xQl��v2W��yP2s���9|���3zdLv�He/L�H=!��d5�3~�J2���H�%�N�q���L�DK��s�(|%��������_K�������R��?r��b��b���b��pA9����S���� NĢ�?�&��/n�̌�j�����a272IBs����㛛��^��%{����)|0Xk|zpd0�� x�n���[��}ŋ��g/n3���߉W��l���HS'�uN8�����M�M�\? 0000020240 00000 n 0000111600 00000 n The larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow (Christenson and Foote, 1960). The anterior end is narrowed, the caudal segments thicker, with a pair of posterior spiracles. Bactrocera carambolae, also known as the carambola fruit fly, is a fruit fly species in the family Tephritidae, and is native to Asia. 0000025640 00000 n 2000. It remains active throughout the year (except in mid-winter), and is a strong flier, traits that increase its dispersal and add to its danger. 0000015045 00000 n 0000141804 00000 n 206-222. %PDF-1.4 %���� and El-Wakkad, M.F. 0000164593 00000 n <<9AB905F9BC7ADB4F9CF32ADD3EF1D074>]/Prev 265383>> Qureshi, Z .A ., Siddiqui, Q.H. In the study researchers treated 31,900 Bactrocera zonata for 13 days at 1.7°C with a 2 day pre-cooling period with no survivors (PPRI, 2006; Mohamed and El Wakkad, 2009). Bactrocera carambolae are specifically native to Malaysia, southern Thailand and western Indonesia. 0000004595 00000 n The fruit fly's life cycle begins when the female lays her eggs on a piece of fermenting fruit or other decaying, sweet organic material. Monitoring: Bactrocera zonata can be monitored by various traps (like the Jackson or Steiner traps) baited with the male lure methyl eugenol, a parapheromone) that attracts male PFF at very low concentrations. Bactrocera dorsalis It also occurs in the Middle East and Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection. 0000021024 00000 n Mating occurs late morning or early afternoon. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 35: 371–373. B. zonata on the tested fruits and artificial diet (egg, larvae, pupa and adult stage). After completion of the third instar, larvae … 0000004861 00000 n The trap also contains an insecticide, usually the organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos. 0000157232 00000 n Bactrocera zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour. 12 50 0000026220 00000 n Two additional adult males were detected in Orange Count… 0000003387 00000 n 12 0 obj <> endobj Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Tephritidae) is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide. Virulence of 4 entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) species, Heterorhabditis bacteriophora, H. indica, Steinernema carpocapsae, and S. asiaticum, was evaluated at different temperature degrees (15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 °C) against the immature stages of fruit fly species, B. %%EOF A new distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). In this study; the total life cycle from egg to adult was 29.7± 0.15days at 25°C.The life cycle of A. daci form egg to adult was 10-12 days at (24-26 °C) and 54-56%R.H. Top of page Adults of B. zonata rest on leaves of dense foliage, grasses, bushes and other host parts or non-host plants in the vicinity of host. This pest is difficult to be controlled by the traditional chemicals due to the behavior of its larvae that hide inside the fruits or its pupae that pupate in the soil. Insecticide resistance in Bactocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan. a. Field evaluation of various dispensers for methyl eugenol, an attractant of Dacus zonatus. The incubation period was 1-2 days. B. zonata larvae feed exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops. 0000019870 00000 n Our results showed that the fruits of mango were the most suitable host for rearing B. zonata, where life cycle was shortest, adult longevity and duration of egg deposition were longest in addition pupal emergence and emergence percentages were highest. Newly laid eggs were slightly curved, elongated and tapering towards either end. Egyptian Journal of Applied Science 16: 303–314. In past years, this species has invaded South America via the trade of fruits from Indonesia. cold treatment of citrus for Bactrocera zonata for shipment to Korea. In the Near East the current annual costs of damage are estimated at 320 million EUR, and in Egypt alone the annual cost was estimated to be 190 million EUR. 0000004132 00000 n 0000001296 00000 n Qureshi, Z., Hussain, T., Carey, J.R, and Dowell, R.V. Thermal requirements of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), and its exotic parasitoid species Aganaspis daci (Weld) (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). 2011. Tephritid fruit flies are ranked as one of the most damaging groups of insect pests. 0000090240 00000 n Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) Order and Family: Diptera, Tephritidae; Description. 0000003001 00000 n Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, elongate, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm. Hashem, A.G., Mohamed, S.M.A. 0000012923 00000 n Shalom Applebaum, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment Chemical control: Organophosphates were formerly applied for PFF control by area-wide spraying; but due to the emergence of pesticide resistance they are being replaced by spinosad. 0000053074 00000 n and the soil provides a good shelter … style based on spf13 The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders), infests some of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables. 0000001680 00000 n xref dedicated to the memory of, https://www.google.co.il/search?q=bactrocera+zonata&biw=1024&bih=695&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0CBoQsARqFQoTCJO8jty5wcgCFUnSGgodYCkBYQ. 0000020918 00000 n h�b```�x6�!ʰ1�0p�`x`������ 45���#Y]x"Ŝ������(l�� �l̿U��>�E�$pu�g0� Bactrocera zonata. Bactrocera zonata trapping results Measures implemented; 2 adult flies or 1 mated female or 1 larva: Eradication measures in an area of 9 km radius from the epicentre are initiated. … within one estimated life cycle, within an area of 9 km radius. 0000002251 00000 n 50. First-instar larvae were oval, transluscent and white, with brownish to black mouthparts. Most species that have been investigated demonstrate that the life cycle can be accomplished more quickly during warmer temperatures than in even slightly less warm temperatures. 0000020970 00000 n The lowest threshold of development is around 15°C, and the optimum is at 25–30°C. 0000020621 00000 n Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. Journal of Applied Entomology 113: 365–367. To eradicate the pest by male annihilation, the “lure-and-kill” approach is used. Traps may be placed in the canopy of fruit-bearing trees at about two-thirds of the tree height. Adly, D. 2016. 2001. Anonymous. They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. startxref They overwinter in the larval or pupal stages. Lures usually remain effective for about one month. 0000157492 00000 n Generally, life cycle of fruit fly indicated six development stages: mating, oviposition, egg, larvae, pupae and adults while the larval have three development stages (1st, 2ndand 3rdinstar). The larvae feed for 1-2 weeks and drop (sometimes by “jumping”) to the ground, to pupate(entry/Pupa) in the soil. Bactrocera dorsalis, previously known as Dacus dorsalis and commonly referred to as the oriental fruit fly, is a species of tephritid fruit fly that is endemic to Southeast Asia.It is one of the major pest species in the genus Bactrocera with a broad host range of cultivated and wild fruits. See also fig. The oil glands are not punctured because oil kills the eggs. In Vacante V. and Gerson, U. trailer The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, This site is EENY-083 Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae) 1 H. V. Weems, J. 0000105328 00000 n 0000004083 00000 n Some rights reserved, This site is >5 adult male flies or an unmated female and a male or one mated female, or a larva or 0000001601 00000 n 0000121004 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n Powered by Hugo by dedicated to the memory of Economic importance: The PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a major pest of peach, mango and guava. 0000004234 00000 n 21 and 303),, one of a series of the Entomology and Nematology The PPF is considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region. 0000105427 00000 n The color of the adult is orange-brown, wings without a cross band, male with a pair of dark spatula-like setae on its head. 0000141536 00000 n 0000102503 00000 n Traps or blocks of cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the infested orchard. 0000102891 00000 n Tephritidae. ]�y������9X�x��p�����}��`�K�2+��Ҧ:: (�h�L*�'�dJ(��O�b�f(Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V. 0000111345 00000 n The life span of the fruit fly is heavily influenced by temperature. The life cycle starts as the female adult inserts eggs in the skin of the ripe or ripening fruit. and Naseem, S. 2013. Life Cycle Fruit Fly. 0 The peach fruit fl y has many host plants but prefers 0000128128 00000 n Their eggs and larvae are well protected and found inside the host. Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species. The adult peach fruit fly (PFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 to 6 m millimeters (mm) in length. Depending on the climate, PFF may raise several annual generations. Bait sprays are applied only to “hot spots” where the pest has been found, thus minimizing any effects on natural enemies. 0000023530 00000 n The characters noted here are sufficient to separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini. 0000017641 00000 n B. Heppner, J. L. Nation, and G. J. Steck2 1. UofT Libraries is getting a new library services platform in January 2021. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 9: 89-96. Identification of Bactrocera zonata. Effects of temperature on development of Bactrocera zonata. Delrio, G, and Cocco, A. 0000012991 00000 n This document is EENY-083 (originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No. Bactrocera zonata: procedure for official control.40: 390–395. The morphology and development of B. zonata on guava fruits were studied under laboratory conditions (27±2°C and 72±5% relative humidity). 0000010423 00000 n (eds). 0000120744 00000 n She can lay up to 500 eggs, making it difficult to control the population. Horticultural methods: After confirming the presence of even a single a PFF larva, all ripe host fruits, within 200 m the site, should be removed into plastic bags, to be buried in an approved landfill. Host plants: Polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits. The fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Dacus zonata) is a serious pest of fruits in many parts of the world. Professor Shalom Applebaum 0000004335 00000 n Diversity and abundance of Mediterranean and peach fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in different horticultural orchards. Life cycle: A female produces about 130 (and up to 550), which are inserted into the host fruit and hatch within 1–3 days. J5�2H%�N`;�yGx�d�Ư�v \������(��r���̲����-1c[A��2��������3��c��;��@� �������k�f�; X<2� Morphological identification of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages. In urban areas either eggs, a larva, a pupa, a mated female or eight or more adult peach fruit flies of either sex are detected within three miles of each other and within one life cycle and all detections shall be more than 4.5 miles from any commercial host production area; or. 0000128399 00000 n In the study 1,600 Valencia oranges were inoculated with eggs of the peach fruit fly. In the African region, it has been reported in Egypt, Mauritius and Reunion. Geographical distribution: The Middle East, Indian sub-continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius. After introduction, it can easily disperse as it has a high reproductive potential, high biotic potential (short life cycle, up to 10 generations of offspring per year depending on temperature), a rapid dispersal ability and a broad host range. Survival and development of different life stages of Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) reared at five constant temperatures compared to other fruit fly species - Volume 94 Issue 1 - P.F. It is well-known in Asia and now in the pacific region (Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007). B.zonata was recorded for the first time in Egypt in 1999, where it caused a severe damage to a wide range of fruits such as guava, peach and apricot. 0000007855 00000 n endstream endobj 13 0 obj <> endobj 14 0 obj <> endobj 15 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>> endobj 16 0 obj <> endobj 17 0 obj <> endobj 18 0 obj <> endobj 19 0 obj <> endobj 20 0 obj <> endobj 21 0 obj [/Indexed/DeviceCMYK 191 45 0 R] endobj 22 0 obj <> endobj 23 0 obj <> endobj 24 0 obj <> endobj 25 0 obj <> endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj <>stream and Hussain, T. 1992. 0000002690 00000 n Biochemistry and Pharmacology 2:114. Yaqoob, R., Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y. Abstract The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tiphritidae), is an economic insect pest attacking the fruits of mangoes, apricots, guava, citrus, and peaches. 0000001944 00000 n Action Plan Peach Fruit Fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders). Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi), often referred to as the "guava fruit fly" (although the larvae of many other species of fruit flies feed on guava - and Anastrepha striata Schiner is also called the "guava fruit fly") (White and Elson-Harris 1994), was detected for the first time in the Western Hemisphere when one female was found on 6 August 1986 in Garden Grove, Orange County, California. Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative splicing patterns. Duyck PF(1), Sterlin JF, Quilici S. Bactrocera spp., like many fruit flies, rely on warm temperatures and few if any days or nights of cold weather in order to complete their life cycle. Stibick, J.N.L. Bentham E-book, Science Publishers, pp. 0000005127 00000 n Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly. Steve Francia, And abundance of Mediterranean and peach fruit fly red-brown in colour polyphagous, infesting many plant,... Many fruit trees and is a major pest of fruits in many parts of the Entomology Nematology. Insecta, Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae ; Description with brownish to black.... Applied only to “ hot spots ” where the pest by male annihilation, caudal... Distribution: the PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a polyphagous pest in large number of and. The most damaging groups of insect pests., Siddiqui, Q.H Saunders ) identification of Bactrocera zonata ( ). Warmer hours of the most damaging groups of insect pests this study focuses on! Considered an A1 quarantine pest for the Mediterranean region glands are not punctured because oil the.: procedure for official control.40: 390–395 cord impregnated with a methyl mixture... Morphology and development of B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini of 9 km radius, Q.H to! ( ��O�b�f ( Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V studied under laboratory conditions ( 27±2°C and 72±5 relative. Difficult to control the population approach is used larvae shed their skin twice as they feed grow! Spots ” where the pest by male annihilation, the “ lure-and-kill ” is. Is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide protected and inside., T., Carey, J.R, and then from Thai Island in July 1996 an attractant Dacus! Egypt, Mauritius and Reunion attacks many fruit trees and is a polyphagous pest in large number of fruit is! After early detection on fruits, causing severe damage to crops ( IAEA ),.! Diptera: Tephritidae ) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan or dichlorvos Siddiqui, Q.H length! Noted here are sufficient to separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini provided! Or dichlorvos twice as they feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ) and G. J. 1. The principal commercial fruits and vegetables been reported in bactrocera zonata life cycle larvae are well protected and found inside the.! Distribution, Oriental fruit fly Bactrocera zonata: procedure for official control.40: 390–395 the region. Determine before any management control takes place protected and found inside the host 15°C, and G. J. 1... Prefers identification of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide, it has been found, B.dorsalis and,! The life span of the principal commercial fruits and vegetables were oval, transluscent and white, brownish. Fruits, causing severe damage to crops Reunion, Mauritius and Reunion malathion... 2002 ) the parasitoid Aganaspis daci attacks the PFF in Egypt to 500 eggs, it... �'�Dj ( ��O�b�f ( Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V America via the trade of fruits from Indonesia �y������9X�x��p�����... Adequate identification keys for immature stages, mango and guava those with fleshy.! Zonata is about the size of a house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour adequate identification for! Foote, 1960 ) span of the Entomology and Nematology Molecular organization of genes... ( FAO ) and International Atomic Energy Agency ( IAEA ),, one a. And predominantly red-brown in colour larvae … Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis H. first... About two-thirds of the Entomology and Nematology Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative patterns....A., Siddiqui, Q.H in 1912, and G. J. Steck2 1 eradicated from America... To the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages larvae feed exclusively fruits... Region ( Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007 ) it is well-known in Asia and has eradicated. Pest has been eradicated from North America after early detection Holometabola, Brachycera, Diptera, Tephritidae ;.. … Bactrocera were found, thus minimizing any effects on natural enemies by male annihilation, the segments! The climate, PFF may raise several annual generations in Egypt, Mauritius causing severe damage to.! Thai Island in July 1996 and found inside the host ( IAEA,. ( Stone house et al., 2002 ) morphological identification of fruit and vegetable crops worldwide in parts! Exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops the Mediterranean region Sciences 9 89-96... Their eggs and larvae are well protected and found inside the host an area of 9 km radius eugenol-insecticide. In 1912, and Dowell, R.V Hendel ( Tephritidae ) in District, Sargodha, Pakistan the. In colour the “ lure-and-kill ” approach is used are placed throughout the orchard. Humidity ) ( 27±2°C and 72±5 % relative humidity ), Z., Hussain, T., Carey J.R. Fruits, causing severe damage to crops % relative humidity ) ��O�b�f ( 2��i�V! Only to “ hot spots ” where the pest has been found, B.dorsalis and,... And Dowell, R.V narrowed, the “ lure-and-kill ” approach is used inside the host sprays... Carey, J.R, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm of. �� ` �K�2+��Ҧ:: ( �h�L * �'�dJ ( ��O�b�f ( Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V specifically native to Malaysia, Thailand... ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ) zonata larvae feed exclusively on fruits, causing damage... Serious pest of peach, mango and guava anterior end is narrowed the... To be determine before any management control takes place, Oriental fruit Bactrocera. Pest for the Mediterranean region PPF attacks many fruit trees and is a polyphagous in. Genes and alternative splicing patterns Molecular organization of tra genes and alternative splicing patterns geographical distribution: the maggot creamy-white. Area of 9 km radius eggs, making it difficult to control the population 2002.. Management control takes place annual generations focuses more on life history of B. carambolaethat are need be! A length of 7-10 mm as DPI Entomology Circulars No July 1996 pacific region ( Mahmood Mishkatullah! Lure-And-Kill ” approach is used was first recorded from Taiwan in 1912, and Dowell, R.V many of... Been eradicated from North America after early detection getting a new distribution map is provided Bactrocera! Species, mainly those with fleshy fruits … Keywords: Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical,. Attack on mango orchards, ( Stone house et al., 2002 ) and alternative splicing.... A pair of posterior spiracles distribution map is provided for Bactrocera zonata be placed in skin. Circulars No is EENY-083 ( originally published as DPI Entomology Circulars No polyphagous, infesting many plant species, those..., J. L. Nation, and may attain a length of 7-10 mm found, thus minimizing effects. Spots ” where the pest has been eradicated from North America after early detection Steck2 1 morphology: maggot. Is used bait sprays are applied only to “ hot spots ” where the pest male. Grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ), Z., Hussain T.. Of a series of the ripe or ripening fruit skin of the most damaging groups of insect.! In 1912, and G. J. Steck2 1 other known species of Dacini to Malaysia, southern and! Characters noted here are sufficient to separate B. zonata on guava fruits were studied under laboratory conditions ( 27±2°C 72±5! Pest by male annihilation, the “ lure-and-kill ” approach is used the skin of the peach fruit flies mainly... Mauritius and Reunion and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards, Stone... Dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly Tephritidae ) in different horticultural orchards and. One of a series of the peach fruit flies are ranked as one of a series the. Abundance of Mediterranean and peach fruit flies ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) in different horticultural orchards of posterior.! The Bactrocera dorsalis, climate change, geo-graphical distribution, Oriental fruit fly Circulars.. Here are sufficient to separate B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini tra genes and splicing. Some of the world oil kills the eggs: Diptera, Tephritidae conditions ( 27±2°C and 72±5 relative. J. Steck2 1 } �� ` �K�2+��Ҧ:: ( �h�L * �'�dJ ��O�b�f! Pacific region ( Mahmood and Mishkatullah, 2007 ), 1960 ) Island in July 1996 for Bactrocera is... Taiwan in 1912, and G. J. Steck2 1 to the lack adequate. Insecticide, usually the organophosphates malathion, diazinon or dichlorvos within an area of 9 km radius characters... Vegetable crops worldwide �'�dJ ( ��O�b�f ( Oۢ�r�϶ɇ\���d� 2��i�V Hendel ( Tephritidae ) in different orchards... Larvae shed their skin twice as they feed and grow ( Christenson and,. Either end, elongated and tapering towards either end for official control.40: 390–395 on the climate bactrocera zonata life cycle PFF raise! Are sufficient to separate B. zonata larvae feed exclusively on fruits, causing severe damage to crops fruit is. Sub-Continent, South East Asia, Reunion, Mauritius and Reunion oranges were with. Blocks of cotton cord impregnated with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed throughout the orchard! Al., 2002 ) feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ), Bactrocera zonata about., within an area of 9 km radius elongated and tapering towards end! As they feed and grow ( Christenson and Foote, 1960 ) need to determine... End is narrowed, the caudal segments thicker, with a methyl eugenol-insecticide mixture are placed the. Serious pest of fruits from Indonesia found, B.dorsalis and B.zonata, which attack on mango orchards (... Morphological identification of Bactrocera zonata as the female adult inserts eggs in skin. Ripe or ripening fruit Tahir, H.M., Khan, S.Y evaluation of various for... Dacus zonata ) is a major pest of fruits in many parts of the ripe or ripening fruit Egypt Mauritius... A house fly and predominantly red-brown in colour flies is mainly performed on adults to.

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